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The building was designed by the Frankfurt architect Paul Wallot in the style of the Italian high Renaissance. The first stone in the Foundation of the building of the German Parliament was laid on 9 June 1884, Kaiser Wilhelm I. Construction lasted ten years and ended when Kaiser Wilhelm II.
The preserved inscription "Astrakhan Makarov"
On 27 February 1933 the Reichstag building burnt down in an arson attack. The Nazis accused of setting fire to the Communists and used it in order to get emergency powers to deal with political opponents. After this rare meeting of the Reichstag (which had lost all political significance) was not affected by the fire building and the Kroll Opera, and in 1942 stopped. The building was used for propaganda meetings, and after 1939 — for military purposes.
During the battle of Berlin, Soviet troops were storming the Reichstag. On 30 April 1945, the Reichstag was hoisted the Banner of Victory and on may 1, 115th guards fighter regiment under the command of Alexander Koss dropped a Red banner with the inscription "Victory". On the walls of the Reichstag, Soviet soldiers left many inscriptions, some of which (including in the courtroom) is preserved and retained restorations of the building. In 1947, on the orders of the Soviet commandant of the inscription was "ottsenzurovan", that is was removed inscriptions obscene and entered several "ideologically"[source not specified 325.
The question of the preservation of inscriptions on the Reichstag was raised in the 1990s, the years of reconstruction (the initial stage of the repair found numerous inscriptions, hidden, previous restoration in the 1960-ies). By agreement of the President of the Bundestag sussmuth R. (eng.)Russian. and the Russian Ambassador to Germany in 1996 was removed statements obscene and racist content and left only 159 graffiti. In 2002, the question of the removal of the inscriptions was placed in the Bundestag, but by a majority of votes the proposal was rejected. Most of the surviving inscriptions of the Soviet soldiers is in the inner rooms of the Reichstag, now available only with a guide by appointment. Upstairs, on the right pediment on the inner side preserved the inscription: "Astrakhan Makarov". Preserved traces of bullets on the inner side of the left gable.
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